by  Kayomarsh P. Mehta



Sadeh  is a mid winter festival celebrated by Zarathushtis. It is popularly known as  Jashan-e Sadeh. In Iran it is the third  largest celebration after  Navrooz  and  Mehrgaan. For some reason, this festival is not celebrated in India.

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Selected photos from different parts of Iran –  Tehran, Kerman, Yazd, Ahvaz, Pirs,…..


 Click here ….. jashn_sadeh_2009_pictures 

Markar Complex, Tehranpars, Tehran: 


Prayers, music, lighting the fire, children on stage, girls school participants, congregations at pilgrimage places in the desert, speeches, priests, laity, all come together in Hamazori.

Photo credits as mentioned in

Farsi from different publications. 

Sadeh 2009 – Northern Virginia, USA – Zoroastrian Association of Metropolitan Washington DC



Sad means one hundred in the  Farsi language


Jashn-e- Sadeh –   Counting One hundred before Nou Rooz (counting fifty days and fifty nights)


Courtesy : Behram Pastakia

One comment

  • Dear Kayomarsh Mehta,

    Thank you for your article on Sadeh which is well written.

    I would like to suggest a slight change in the information in the following para for your consideration.
    This information could be old when the Iranis like the Parsis followed three different caledars two frozen lunar calendars and one Fasli. Today all Irani Z’s follow the Fasli calendar and as mentioned in Avesta ‘Haptan Yasht’ (Ha-3) “The coming of the season at the proper time of the solar year.” therefore all celebrate it on one day like you can see in the photographs attached by Behram from the website Berasad and Hamazour.

    Sadeh is the celebration that has continued form the days when our ancestors lived in the Artics and had two seasons. 7 months of summer and 5 months of winter. Sadeh is celebrated on the 10th of Bahman / 30 Jan and is hundred days from the begining of the 5 month winter which started on the 1st of ABAN / 23 OCT (30days Aban + 30 Azar + 30 Dey + 10 Bahman = 100) (9 Oct+ 30Nov + 31 Dec + 30Jan) the 100 had no conection with Nou Rouz whatsoever. Having lost the origin to the Arab onslaught when our libraries were converted into mosques, various writers and scholars have tried to tie it to Nou Rouz even if they have to get to the hundred by 50 days and 50 nights.

    Similarly two of our Gahambars are from the artic season and four from our present four season.

    All our festivals are based on nature because our ancestors valued nature and GOOD THOUGHTS were those that were in harmony with nature.(Gatha 28.11)

    Thanks again

    There are several different traditions as to when to celebrate Sadeh. In Yazd, the festival is celebrated on Roj Astad, Mah Adar, which is 100 days before Navrooz, the beginning of Spring. This places the festival to be celebrated on December 11th. In Kerman, the festival is celebrated on Roj Aban, Mah Behman, which is the 100th day after the Ayathrem Gahambar, the beginning of winter. Yet others, celebrate it on January 29th, which is 50 days and 50 nights before Navrooz. Most organizaions in US celebrate it on the weekend close to January 29.

    With Regards & Best Wishes
    Fariborz Rahnamoon

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