Largest & oldest Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Kurdistan
Many thousand years ago, beside the lake Uram (which now by mistake is referred to as Aroumeih. This lake belonged to people who were Medes who were called Uramha. Today the remainder from those tribes, there is a group within Kurdistan known as Uraman whose main profession is grazing sheep and cattle and this group of Kurdish people had lived around the Uramin Lake they adopted many of their traditions and worshiped many of their gods. These people worshiped such things as the moon, the sun the stars, the wind, the snow and the rain. among the Uramani people, around one of the shores of this great lake, As written in Zoroasterian narratives, this man’s family name was Spitman which means the white race in Kurdish.This family who were raised in the cold climates of the mountains of east of Medes had white skin, and thus differentiated themselves from those who were dark skinned, thus they were recognized by the name “White” and so were called ” spitman”. The name of this child has come in the religious, Sarathushtrai.
In Kurdish dialects of Hourami ( Ahorami ) this person’s name means ” Thou who resemble the golden rays of sun shine and Pour” . It seems that this is a title they have given this man later on. In the Kurdish dialects, Hourami ( Ahorami) has been translated as such : Zara ( as the golden ray ) Ta ( the Sun ) Vashtra ( Pure), which and this Vashtra has misled Zoroasterian believers and thus called him the owner of golden camel. This person, whose real name has not been written anywhere, has been introduced in the colloquial dialects as Zardasht Zartosht. It has been historically certified and so far it is his name he is called by this name.
Zardasht in his fourteith year of life went through a special phase where he talked to himself in solitude until he was inspired by oracular world. ” Thou Zardasht, I chose you to be my messenger and invite your people to worship Ahora Mazda, the invisible God, so that you will be free from worshiping false gods and you must worship the treat” Ahouramazda”.The Khoyaneh tribe, the people who lived in the area called khoy in Eastern Kurdistan , opposed the prophet and thus the prophet immigrated to Ushidareno, which I believe is in Sanandaj ( Sna ) in eastern Kurdistan, and after thousands of years has been transformed to Vidar. In those days, people lived seldom in cities due to their cattle and herds needing meadows to graze and water. The mountain Vidar ( in Sanandaj in Kurdistan ) benefited from all these and even now is one of the richest grazing areas.
The king of that region who had built a palace on top of the mountain to secure himself against his enemies was called: Kangashah” and in the Sahneh ( in Eastern Kurdistan ). Zardasht built his fire temple in the region of Bakteriya in the the area of Dinewar ( meaning bringing of religion) in Kermashan (Kermanshah) in Kurdistan. Bakteriya then changed into Bakhtar and later they misunderstood and thought that Zardasht lived in the east of Iran near Bokhara, and Balkh (due to resemblance of the worlds). This Province is still called Baktar and two neighboring villages are called Baktars. From the shores of Urami lake, Zardasht was chosen to be prophet of Ahouramazda, but was opposed by people from Khoy and thus emigrated to the mountain Aushi Dar or Aushidarynah in Sanandaj ( east Kurdistan ) and from there he immigrated to the mountain of Huger in the region of Saaeen Dej which later was known as Dinawer.
When Key-Goshtasb ( the king) became on of Zardasht’s followers , he built his temple of fire in Bakteria and his followers lived in the area called Parsina. After a while the other god worshiping and liars and star worshiping grew among people until such time in a blood battle key-Goshtasp and his children and Zardasht and his followers were killed in the battle and a temple.
For more information read the following books:
1-Imad aldin Dawlat shahi, A translation of Farwardin Yashti Awesta ( Zardashti Kurdi) 2005, Sulaimaia, Kurdistan.
2-Saqizi, Baban, Zardasht the Hope of Salvation, 2006, Sulaimania, Kurdistan.
3- Hawrami, History of Kurdistan’s Geography in Avesta. 2006, Hawler, Kurdistan.
4- Imad aldin Dawlati Shahi , Search for unknown Mountains of Avesta.
Courtesy : Dara