This ninth- or 10th-century Sogdian manuscript from Dunhuang, China, contains a version of one of the holiest Zoroastrian prayers: the Ashem Vohu, composed originally in the Avestan (old Iranian) language.
Zoroastrian prayer, the Ashem Vohu
British Library Or. 8212/84 (Ch.00289)
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What is Zoroastrianism?
Zoroastrianism, the religion of the ancient Iranians, is named after Zarathushtra (Zoroaster in Greek sources) whose songs (Gathas) are thought to have been composed 1500-1000 BC. Zoroastrianism teaches the importance of good thoughts, words, and actions, in a world where the forces of the all-knowing lord, Ahura Mazda, are constantly opposed by those of the evil spirit, Angra Mainyu.
What are the Avesta?
Zoroastrianism in Central Asia
Who were the Sogdians?
Why is this manuscript so important?
How was the manuscript discovered?
What does this fragment show?
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