Homi Jehangir Bhaba – A Scientist who changed Nuclear Research of India forever

Homi Jehangir Bhaba is still called as the Father of Indian Nuclear Research. One of the greatest scholar and researcher of the Nuclear Physics of the world, Bhaba ensured that India is on the right path of achieving success in the field of science and technology. Today, we need the determination and commitment like him to excel more in the field of science. He is still a celebrity, a Real Celebrity.

His Early Days of Education and Research

Homi Jehangir Bhaba was born in the then Bombay in 1909 on 30th October. He was born and raised in a wealthy Parsi family. His father Jehangir Hormusji Bhaba was a prominent lawyer and his uncle Dorabji Tata was an influential businessperson even in the British India. He completed his education in Mumbai and went to Cambridge for further studies. He received his doctorate after his research on “The Absorption of Cosmic Radiation”. This was a key Nuclear Physics research that explained the absorption features of the cosmic rays and also the phenomena called the Electron Shower. However, his paper published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A was even more prominent in the Nuclear Physics. He was the first person who formulated the calculation of the electron position scattering. This was again in the field of Cosmic rays and electron showering. The phenomenon of the Electron Position Scattering is now known as the Bhaba Scattering in the Nuclear Physics in honour of him.

Homi Jehangir Bhaba, the Father of Indian Nuclear Programme

Bhaba came back to India before the outbreak of World War II and settled thereafter. He joined Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru. This institute was headed by another Real Celebrity, the great Scientist C V Raman. He then established the Cosmic Ray Research Centre at the Institute. But the visionary scientist never stopped by the lack of resources. He, in fact, started the research on Nuclear Weapon back in 1944 by his own. In 1945 he became the founder and director of the newly established Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai. Soon after the Indian Independence, he became the Go-To man for the Indian Nuclear Mission and became the first chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India in 1948. He was also the founder of the Tromboy Atomic Energy Establishment which was later renamed as Bhaba Atomic Research Centre.

His intellect and knowledge on the Nuclear Research made him the President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in 1955. He became the first person who started lobbying for Nuclear Weapon in India and made all the possible attempts to make India a Nuclear Country.


Homi J Bhaba died in an unfortunate plane crash in Mont Blanc in France when he was going to Austria for an Atomic Energy in Vienna. There are various theories about his death. The said theory of his death was the miscommunication between the Geneva Airport and the driver. However, there are theories that CIA killed him to stop the nuclear program.

Homi J Bhaba laid the foundation of Nuclear Program and Research and contributed a large for the Indian Science.

He was, he is and he would always be a Real Celebrity of India.

Pride of the Nation



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