Did you know the conceptualiser of IITs in India?
The concept of the IITs originated even before India gained independence in 1947. After the end of the Second World War and before India got independence, Sir Ardeshir Dalal from the Viceroy’s Executive Council foresaw that the future prosperity of India would depend not so much on capital as on technology. He, therefore, proposed the setting up of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. To man those laboratories, he persuaded the US government to offer hundreds of doctoral fellowships under the Technology Cooperation Mission (TCM) program. However realizing that such steps can not help in the long run for the development of India after it gains independence, he conceptualized institutes that would train such work forces in the country itself. This is believed to be the first conceptualization of IITs.
Adershir was born on 24 April 1884 in Bombay to Rustomjee Dalal, who worked as share-broker. In 1905 he applied for J. N. Tata Scholarship for higher studies went to London and finally appeared for ICS examination and joined Indian Civil Service in 1908.
He served as Collector in various areas of India before he became the first Indian to become Municipal Commissioner of Bombay in 1928.
In June 1944, he resigned from Tatas as the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, invited him to join the Viceroy’s Executive Council as Member-in-Charge of Planning and Development. His contributions as one of the architects of the Government of India’s post war economic plan formulated in 1945 have been noted.