Category Archives: Naurooz
The celebration of Vernal Equinox and arrival of spring is the most sacred and joyous of all Zoroastrian religious holidays. It is called Hamas.paθ.maædÿa in Avesta, the sacred lore of the Zoroastrians. The Avestan term Hamas.paθ.maædÿa refers to the exact time at which “the celestial paths are at a midpoint and have the same distance/length from each other.” The Persian word Now.rouz, means literally “New Dawn/Day” and alludes to the first “fresh dawn/light” after the vernal equinox.
Interestingly, the ancient Roman calendar began also at the vernal equinox. This is evidenced by the name of the months September, October, November, December, that respectively mean the 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th month which puts the beginning of calendar in spring. The celebration of vernal equinox in the old Roman calendar was attributed to Romulus, the mythical founder of Rome.
For Zoroastrians, celebration of spring equinox is a a recurrent reminder of Frašö-kereitî the “splendid, fresh new creation” of the worlds, a symbol of the coming eternal spring when Our “limited, temporal time” will evolve into the “long dominion and everlasting age of the Gods.”
When the eternal spring finally arrives, the worlds and all that is in them will be refashioned to the pristine, brilliant state in which it was envisioned by the supreme God/Titan Ahûrá Mazdá “the Wise Lord of Mind Powers and Vision.”
Ahûrá Mazdá establishes/creates the worlds by the powers of his wondrous mind, luminous vision, celestial music, and triumphant spirit. He and his Auspicious Immortals are embodied by eternal quest for excellence, betterment and superb artistry that will culminate in the frašö-kereitî, the “splendid, fresh new creation” of the worlds.
The ten days before Vernal Equinox are dedicated to ancestors and Fravašis who are Valkyrie-like pristine prototypes or ideal images of all things. It is believed that the veil between our realm and higher dimensions is especially thin during last 10 days before equinox. These last 10 holy days of the year are referred to as Rözān Fravardîgán literally “bright points or luminous cracks for Fravašis.”
Families welcome their departed and heroic dead with prayers, consecrated nuts, cakes, other food offerings and by brightness of bonfires fragrant with incense. Especially on the eve of the 5th day before equinox fires are lit on rooftops or in front of the houses after sunset. People go door to door, covered in masked costumes to ask for consecrated nuts, sweets, foods and fruits.
The existence of similar observances among Celts celebrating Halloween and other Indo-European peoples suggests that these ancient rites go back to the very dawn of the Indo-European culture.The ancient bonfire ceremonies are still celebrated in the form of chahr-shanbae suri ceremonies where bonfires are lit during the last Wednesday night before arrival of Spring. However, the modern chahr-shanbae suri lacks its original Zoroastrian solemnity.
The Nowrouz banquet/table is a symbolic offering of decorated colored eggs, germinated wheat or lentil sprouts, hyacinth flower, silver or gold coins, mirror, candles, wine, incense, bowl of milk, spring water with thymes, apples or sour oranges, fried sweet bread and garlic cloves. However, the setting of the table and lucky items differs according to the taste of individual celebrants.
The items on the New year table start with the letter S in farsi. The S is an allusion to the Avestan word Speñtámeaning “auspicious, sacred, very bright and radiant” and refers to lucky items/symbolic foods that bring good luck and represent the Blessings of the Auspicious Brilliant Immortals in our lives and homes. In Zoroastrianism Godhood is “Good, Benevolent Genius” who only brings good fortune, prosperity, growth, healing, light and much wonder and joy into mortals’ lives.
Decorated, colored eggs of the ancient Zoroastrians share the same roots with Ôstara eggs that represent fertility and regenerative powers. Ôstara eggs were later incorporated into Easter and Christianity. Also similar to many Eastern European folklore, Garlic is believed to have miraculous healing powers among Zoroastrians and is essential in warding off diabolic spirits.
Another most interesting Nowrouz food is samanü or samnoo, a sweet pudding made with germinated wheat sprouts, flour, and water. Samanoo symbolizes sweet life and rewards of patience. Samanoo is strikingly similar to an ancient Finnish Easter pudding called Mämmi. This unique Finnish sweet pudding called Memmi in Sweden, is an ancient desert that is known only in Finland, and among some Baltic people. Mämmi is made out of rye flour, water, molasses, orange zest that is left to sweeten naturally (just like samanoo) before being baked.
There are loanwords from Indo-Iranian, into the Uralic languages, and vice versa that date back to a time when Proto Indo Iranians still lived in Abashevo culture and had extensive trade with Volsovo culture of the Broze age that made many cultural and linguistic exchanges between Proto Indo-Iranians and the Uralic people possible.
The Proto Indo-Iranian and Uralic loanwords in their respective languages are primarily visible in words of agriculture, animal husbandry, spiritual life vocabulary and shamanism.
The Spring Equinox Celebrations last 13 days. On the lucky 13th day, the decorated eggs and germinated wheat or lentil sprouts are taken outdoors to fresh streams, lakes or waterfalls, and are offered to the brightest and luckiest star Tištar or Tristar. Three knots are made in germinated wheat or lentil sprouts before offering them. Then a wish is made. The three knots are symbolic of Good Thoughts, Good Words and Good Deeds, the supreme importance of keeping our disposition, energy, expression and actions, positive and luminous in the coming year ahead. Tištar or Tristar of the Zoroastrian scripture appears in Moslem Koran as ash-shira, the Mighty Sirius Star.
The Jalinous Lecture Series
Nowruz: The Iranian New Year from Myth to History
Monday, March 15, 2021
2:00PM EST via Zoom
Featuring a presentation and discussion with:
Dr. Touraj Daryaee
Maseeh Chair in Persian Studies & Culture,
Director of the Dr. Samuel M. Jordan Center for Persian Studies and Culture
University of California, Irvine
Q&A to follow with questions from the audience
Funded in Part by the Jalinous Endowed Fund for Persian Studies
HAFT SEENEE – THE NOW ROOZ TABLE
The lofty ancient philosophy embodied in the Now Rooz Table has been reduced to a Cheap philosophy like
Yes, you read it correctly it is SEENEE (Tray) هفت سی ن not the alphabet SEEN س which is of recent origin but has been repeated over and over again giving it legitimacy.
If you have paid attention to any traditional Nov Rooz table or even for that matter a table set up by western businesses to solicit Persian customers, you will notice on that table, some coloured eggs, a pomegranate, a live fish in a bowl, a mirror to name just a few obvious ones for argument sake. None of their names starts with the alphabet SEEN. س. There are many other items like them.
So, if these items do not start with the letter “S” why are they there? Are they not supposed to be Seven items starting with “S” س?
The Iranians culture is a very sophisticated ancient culture and the Iranians are known for their high standards and good taste, they like the table of their most important festival to be a Majestic one, not a skinny one with seven little containers with dull brown items like Sanjed, Sumag, and Samanu, which in the end have to be dumped. Rich or poor they like to arrange the most colourful table they can for their guest to partake from it and they keep replenishing them.
Moreover, their ancestors were called Wise Men, more than 2000 years before Galileo they knew the Earth was not the centre of the Universe. So, for sure they had a very meaningful message to pass-on through the Now Ruz table that they spread.
For that matter in Afghanistan, they arrange their table with SEVEN types of fruits or dry fruit, with no consideration for the alphabet “S”. They call it Haft Mewa.
We also read in history that people germinated SEVEN types of grain as a symbol of No-Rooz.
Among the Bas-relief in Persepolis, we see representatives of various nations in groups of seven carrying gifts for the King of Kings.
In ancient times they spread a majestic table by placing Seven Trays (HAFT SEENEE) on the table and in them they placed numerous items some symbolic others decorative, irrespective of how their names are spelt.
What is common in all of these is the number SEVEN so the real symbol of the Now Rooz Table is the number SEVEN and it represents the SEVEN ETERNAL LAWS OF NATURE which has been derived from nature and mentioned in the Gathas by Zarathushtra. Later It had to be camouflaged to survive the Cultural Genocide, and luckily it has. So, let us now revive it.
Truly, the Asha (2) derived
By the Good Mind (1)
Never before known
Among the wise and all creation
With it, make Good Rules (3) and never waning
Increasing Righteousness (4)
Leading us towards Perfection (5)
Zarathushtra – Gatha -Yasna Ha 28.3 (FR)
And those who are righteous are known for
Good deeds and use of the wise mind
In harmony with Wisdom in Creation
Their aim achieved
Their desire assuredly happiness
Their reward, knowledge and
being known as, righteous,
faithful and are praiseworthy (6)
Zarathushtra – Gatha – Yasna HA 28.10 (FR)
http://ancientiran.com/ http://zarathushticalendar.com/ http://gathas.ca/
These verses were later canonized to guide the path in life and were pursued by all.
1- Good Mind– Use your Good Mind to inquire and learn the
2- Ultimate Truth- the Laws of Nature- the knowledge in Nature -Use them to make
3- Good Rules – Good Laws- Good Products – Which will lead to
4- Lawful Desire – Righteousness – that will pave the way toward
5- Perfection – Mental, Physical and Spiritual – which will lead to
6- Immortality –(a) In Death being remembered for your good work for generations
(b) In Life by losing the fear of Death –resulting in oneness with
7- The Creator of Wisdom – Khod Ah – KHOD = Self AH = to come.
To understand God through Self Realization.
1-Vohu Mana – Bahman 2- Asha Vahista -Ardibehesht 3-Khash Atra Variya-Shahrivar 4- Spanta Armaiti-Espand 5- Hurvatata – Khordad 6-Ameretata -Amordad 7- Ahura Mazda KHOD-AH.
The ancient Nov Rooz Table consisted of SEVEN TRAYS – HAFT SEENEE -to represent the Seven Eternal Laws of Nature, in the trays they put innumerable items, they even put a little broom. The message was in the Seven, not in the items.
One can say that as long as the number seven is represented the purpose is served. YES, BUT NOT when you start giving superficial meaning to each of the seven-item. That is what has happened with the HAFT SEEN, س we have lost the connection with the higher values in life, the SEVEN ETERNAL LAWS derived from nature, and instead started talking about ordinary values of each item like. SERKEH The Vinegar, I am sour but I am a good preservative, I symbolize Preservation. I am SUMAC, exotic in my own way, I make your Kebabs have a tangy taste, I symbolizeTaste. I am SEER Garlic I lower blood pressure, I Pacify; I symbolize Peace. I am SENJED the tasteless berry of the sorb tree. I am the fruit of a tree which provides shade in summer. I symbolize the shelter and security you need when you want to rest. etc.
So now in the free world, let us draw attention to the real representation of the SEVEN, get rid of the camouflaged superficial symbols, go ahead set up a Majestic Table with SEVEN large TRAYS and in them put all the things you love, and promise yourself to use your Good Mind to learn from Nature, produce good Products and perform good deeds and help create a Righteousness society and achieve Perfection in your profession, not to accumulate wealth but to live a happy life, and become Amordad – Immortal, by leaving behind a legacy that your family will be proud of and remember you. Take a few steps further and do something that will make your community, your country, the world, proud of you for it, and remember you for generations. In the process, you will achieve SELF-REALIZATION / KHOD-AH.
Jesus Christ was the recipient of the first three laws from the Wise Men, they are the ones that have to be achieved for the rest to follow. Jesus was tested (Mathew ch 4) he passed with flying colours and he finally said: “I and the Father are one” (John10). Unfortunately, he was stoned for Blasphemy and handed over to the opposing Culture to be crucified. The Culture that believed that God spoke to just one person and appointed that person as a go-between. The Culture that on purpose symbolically destroyed Persepolis, not in a drunken frenzy.
This is the message of the Now Ruz Table form 3759 years ago, spread it.
WISHING YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES A HAPPY HEALTHY AND PROSPEROUS
3759TH Nou Ruz
Happy Persian New Year 2020 Wishes: WhatsApp Stickers, Navroz Mubarak Images, Facebook GIF Greetings, SMS and Messages to Send on Nowruz
Nowruz is the Persian New Year which coincides with the first day of Spring. It is celebrated for over 3,000 years in the Balkans, the Black Sea Basin, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East and other regions. The day is also known as Novruz, Navruz, Nooruz, Nevruz, or Nauryz in different regions. Nowruz usually occurs on March 21, but this year, the observance will fall on March 20. People wish each other on the festival saying Happy Nowruz. They send each other Nowruz wishes and messages on the day. The list also includes Nowruz WhatsApp Stickers, Facebook greetings, GIF Images, SMS, wishes and Instagram stories. Nowruz (Navroz) 2020 Google Doodle: Persian New Year Celebrated by the Search Engine Giant with a Remarkable Illustration.
Nowruz plays a significant role in strengthening the ties among people based on mutual respect and ideals of peace. Although Nowruz has Iranian and Zoroastrian origins, it’s globally observed. The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Nowruz celebrates the start of the Persian spring festival March 21 ever year. The UN’s General Assembly recognised the International Day of Nowruz in 2010, describing it as a spring festival of Iranian origin. In India, the Parsi community with a predominant population in Mumbai and Gujarat who follow Zoroastrianism, celebrate Nowruz with grand celebrations. Nowruz (Navroz) 2020 Date: History, Significance and Celebrations Associated With Persian New Year.
Click Here for more ->
HAVE A HAPPY AND HEALTHY NAVROZ WITH YOUR ENTIRE FAMILY!
Download and print this image and enjoy coloring it with your kids!
Nawrouz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nowrouz, Nawrouz, Nauryz, Nooruz, Nowruz, Navruz, Nevruz, Nowruz, Navruz
Inscribed in 2016 (11.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
New Year is often a time when people wish for prosperity and new beginnings. March 21 marks the start of the year in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It is referred to as Nauryz, Navruz, Nawrouz, Nevruz, Nooruz, Novruz, Nowrouz or Nowruz meaning ‘new day’ when a variety of rituals, ceremonies and other cultural events take place for a period of about two weeks. An important tradition practised during this time is the gathering around ‘the Table’, decorated with objects that symbolize purity, brightness, livelihood and wealth, to enjoy a special meal with loved ones. New clothes are worn and visits made to relatives, particularly the elderly and neighbours. Gifts are exchanged, especially for children, featuring objects made by artisans. There are also street performances of music and dance, public rituals involving water and fire, traditional sports and the making of handicrafts. These practices support cultural diversity and tolerance and contribute to building community solidarity and peace. They are transmitted from older to younger generations through observation and participation.
- Nowruz Celebration in Mazarsharif (Afghanistan)